International Laundry Care Symbols

Laundry care symbols are used to help people understand how to wash their clothes.

Some symbols indicate the type of fabric, while others tell you how much water and detergent are needed for a specific kind of item. There are different ways that clothing labels provide this information as well, including by using words such as “Wool” or “Delicate.”

In this article, we’ll explore why it’s important to know the symbols and how you can find out which symbol your clothes have. Keep reading to find out more. 

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What are laundry care symbols?

The symbols on your clothing labels or tags are called laundry care symbols. These can give you general washing instructions, like whether an item is dry-cleaned only, machine washable, or hand wash only, and/or more specific guidelines on how to care for the piece of clothing. 

By using the laundry care symbols, you can get closer to understanding how to take care of your clothes. Some symbols indicate the type of fabric, while others tell you how much water and detergent are needed for a specific kind of item. 

How do you decipher them?

Different countries use different laundry care symbols. Therefore it is important to note that there isn’t just one universal set of washing instructions on clothing labels around the world. 

The United States often uses basic graphics on their tags (including dots inside shapes) while other countries might include text like “Machine wash cold,” or “Do not bleach” in addition to or instead of symbols. It is great to know what the laundry care symbols are for your favorite clothing brands, but it can be even more helpful to learn how you can decipher them yourself.

Why is it important to know the symbols?

Knowing and understanding how to read your clothing labels can not only save you money in laundering fees and ensure that clothes last longer, but also help reduce the amount of water pollution you create.

Laundry care symbols can indicate whether a piece of clothing needs to be washed in cold or warm (or even hot) water, which often helps cut down on energy costs for heating wash water.

This can be especially helpful if you live in an apartment with communal laundry facilities where the machine already has hot water running through it before you start using it. Another great benefit is that by giving your clothes the proper care and attention they need, you will be able to maintain their appearance and make them last longer. 

How you can find out which symbol your clothes have

Since there isn’t just one universal set of washing instructions on clothing labels around the world, it’s best to look up how your favorite brands recommend caring for each piece of clothing. 

Many major companies with multiple locations across different countries provide information about laundry care symbols on their website or online help section. Additionally, if you know where a garment was purchased and plan on returning there again in the future you can ask an employee what type of symbols it has so that you can know what to expect when you care for it in the future.

For clothes from brands without a website, you might have to do some more investigating. With a small amount of research, you should be able to find out which laundry care symbols they use and how those correspond with general washing instructions around the world.

If you know the symbol, but don’t understand what it means, you can use an online translator or speak with someone who speaks both English and the language that matches up to your washing instructions. Most importantly, if you’re buying clothes for yourself or caring for clothes that were bought as a gift for someone else, make sure that they are washable before purchasing them.

Where else do you see these symbols?

When it comes to doing laundry, remember that laundry care symbols aren’t just found on laundry tags. They can be found on just about anything that you might wash in the washing machine. Most common are clothing care symbols, but you can also see them on your bed sheets, towels, curtains, and even tablecloths.

How to Wash Clothes | Laundry Tips and Tricks
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The next time you go to do a load of laundry or send something out for dry cleaning make sure to look up its symbols so that you know what kind of care it needs. This will help cut down on costs from using the incorrect amount of detergent or having your clothes accidentally bleached.  

International Laundry Care Symbols – FAQ

How did the international laundry care symbols come about?

The development of a common set of symbols was born out of necessity, in response to the great demand for standardized symbols within internationally operating textile companies. The need for easily recognizable symbols that are not language-dependent but are valid worldwide has been widely recognized over recent years by garment manufacturers, laundries, and consumers alike.

How do I clean my washer?

Cleaning a washer is more than just putting some clothes in and pressing a few buttons.

It takes some planning, preparation, and the proper use of cleaning products; it’s important to know how to do it properly.

There are many different types of washers – top-loaders and front loaders being the main types. This means that washing machine cleaning is a little different depending on the type you have. But there are a few general rules that clean all washers: don’t overload your washer, avoid using too much detergent or bleach, and always follow the instructions given by your manufacturer for safe usage.

Final thoughts on international laundry care symbols

In conclusion, there are a wide variety of symbols used in laundry care symbols. The main goal for these symbols is to make sure that clothes can be safely washed and cleaned. Even with the development of new cleaner ingredients, these symbols will still work effectively so it’s important to pay attention to them before washing your clothes.  

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Easy Color Schemes From A Color Wheel

A color wheel is a perfect tool for deciding on a paint job or designing your next room.

Knowledge of what colors are opposite each other can be used to create entire palettes, and some schemes are more appropriate than others depending on where you plan to put them to use.

In this article, we’ll show you the most important things to know about color schemes and offer some advice on how they can be used in your home.

Let’s dive deep into this topic. 

The color wheel is a great way to get inspiration for your next paint job.

Whether you’re looking for kitchen paint colors when you have white cabinets or need to find the right bedroom colors, a color wheel is a great tool. The same goes for exterior house painting. Each color you see has similarities and differences to other colors on the wheel based on their level of intensity and brightness (or dullness). You can use these findings to determine what color would work best in your home.

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Choose colors that are opposite one another on the wheel

The complementary scheme is when two opposite colors – typically one warm and one cool – are paired together in a room. For instance, you can paint your walls in an intense yellow hue, then pair it with a strong navy or cobalt blue color for accent pieces. This particular pairing is one of the most visually appealing color schemes around.

The triadic scheme is when three colors are evenly spaced on the wheel. This particular scheme can be very versatile because it offers a wide array of options for harmonizing your room. For instance, warm neutrals make great compliments to this plan, as do earthy or muted hues.

Don’t limit yourself to just two or three colors either – try adding a complementary or contrasting color for some visual interest and appeal. It’s also important not to overdo it – sometimes less is more when it comes to planning out your perfect palette.

Sometimes color inspiration can come from the most unexpected places. If you’re trying to figure out what color of yellow would look best on your kitchen or bathroom walls, then taking a peek at the color wheel may help you get inspired.

When looking at paint for your walls it’s important to note that some colors are better than others depending on where they are placed in your room (obviously paint with super high VOCs should not be used near windows). Note how pink looks amazing against lighter shades of blue and gray but clashes with too much orange. Similarly, green pops when paired with light neutrals like yellows and grays but will clash if placed next to purples or reds (unless that is its complementary scheme).

There are many color schemes out there

To avoid clashing, you’ll need to know a little bit more about complementary and contrasting colors. Complementary schemes are when two colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel are paired together. This pairing creates a vibrant look but also one that may be too overwhelming depending on how dark or light the hues are.

That’s why it’s important to pair your complementary colors with those from either side of their analogous group (this is where our third scheme comes in). The split complementary scheme pairs a color from its analogous group with two colors from either side of its complementary group.

The triadic scheme is another way to harmonize your room using three different colors – typically one warm, one cool, and one either neutral or vivid. You can also try new things like tints, tans, and shades which are color hues that have been altered with black, white, gray, etc.

There are endless color schemes to choose from but it’s important to remember that too many contrasting colors won’t look great together unless you’re going for a bolder look. Experimenting is one of the best ways to find out what works for your home so don’t be afraid to try something new.

Steps to choose the right paint colors

Follow these steps to learn how to choose the right paint colors

Step 1: Find Your Color Scheme

Choosing colors for your walls is an important part of decorating, but it can feel overwhelming. There are thousands to choose from between paint, fabric swatches, and accessories so it’s important to narrow down the best place to start your search.

Color schemes are found all over home design so you can take inspiration from anywhere – whether it’s a trendy interior blog or your favorite nature scene on a postcard – and translate that feeling into color palettes for any room in your house including living rooms, kitchens, bedrooms and children’s rooms.

Color schemes work well on their own but they also pair well with one another so if you find a scheme you love, try playing around with different combinations to see what you like best.

As you’re choosing your colors, it’s important to keep in mind that some areas of your home receive more light than others so dark shades will show the most wear and tear. 

Step 2: Choose Your Wall Color

This is where things can get exciting – play around with different accent walls or use all four ideas to bring out the best of any space in your house. Paint swatches are available at every hardware store but if painting isn’t an option, consider using vinyl wallpaper instead. It has become incredibly popular over the last few years because it’s quick and easy to install, removable, and comes in so many different colors. It also looks great against darker accent wall hues since lighter shades can be overwhelming.

If you prefer the look of fabric wallpaper but don’t want to put too much work into finding the right color palettes, consider using paint chips instead. They’re available at every hardware store and are an inexpensive alternative to paint that easily allows you to play around with various ideas until you find that perfect hue for your walls.

Step 3: Curate Your Accessories

Now that your floor plan is done and you have all four room color schemes ready to go, it’s time to pick out accessories. This is all about personal style – you might like to decorate with modern art or vintage pieces, black and white photography, or colorful botanicals. Find what you love and make it the focus of your room.

Step 4: Decide on the paint colors

The final step is choosing paint colors for hardwood floors, baseboards, crown molding, and window frames – these elements might not be included in your floor plan but they’re still just as important in bringing out the best of each space in your home.

For example, a minimalist interior might not include much in the way of trim or molding but that doesn’t mean you can’t bring out the best in your home. It’s possible to have an incredibly beautiful space with little more than smart paint color choices and the right accessories.

Whether you’re looking for French country style inspiration or modern simplicity, we’ve got a wide range of palettes available to make every room in your house as stylish as it is comfortable.

There are thousands of paint colors to choose from but using color scheming will ensure that your room looks intentional – even if it’s full of eclectic pieces.

Color Psychology: How Do Colors Affect Mood & Emotions?
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Final thoughts on easy color schemes 

In conclusion, starting to use color scheme generators might be hard because it is quite easy to get confused by all the different options offered. It is however a very good way of getting started into the world of color theory and understanding how it works. I think that once you have used these kinds of tools for some time, you’ll feel more confident in choosing your colors, knowing why you are using them, and what emotions they are evoking.

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25 Best Plants for Rock Gardens

Do you have a rocky landscape and are looking for something to grow there?  Consider growing perennial plants that can withstand your soil and harsh conditions. Rock garden plants are non-demanding plants that can grow easily in your rocky landscape.

These plants are also drought-tolerant, and any poor soil conditions or extreme heat won’t stop them from making a colorful splash in your rock garden. As long as there’s good drainage, these plants will thrive and elevate the hardscape look provided by gravels and rocks. Take a look at these best rock garden plants.

1. Rock Cress

Rock cress is an evergreen perennial that grows to just 12 inches high. It makes a nice edging plant with narrow leaves and blooms in late winter through spring. Its clusters of pink or white flowers make this creeper plant beautify any rock garden.

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Both full sun and partial shade are accepted by rock cress, but well-draining soil is highly needed. It can be grown in any soil type except for water-logged conditions. Rock cress is also a hardy plant that matches rock garden aesthetics and requirements.

2. Thrift

Thrift is also known as sea pink, native to the coast of Great Britain. This evergreen perennial grows 1 foot high with grassy green foliage and flowers that last for a long time. It can be planted in a rock garden due to its small size. 

This is a low-maintenance plant that you don’t need to worry about much. Like other perennials, this sea pink plant prefers well-drained soil because poor drainage can cause rot issues.

3. Blue Fescue Grass

Blue fescue is ornamental grass and is suitable for rock gardens and small spaces. This grass type can trail or cover the ground, making it a perfect choice to spread around rocks of any size. It produces its best foliage in full sun but can also tolerate a little shade.

4. Creeping Phlox

This plant produces clusters of small flowers which are pink in color. The creeping phlox can grow in rock crevices with minimum maintenance. It is a perfect ground cover if you have an area that gets at least four to five hours of sun each day. It grows well in sandy soil and can tolerate heat and drought better than some other phlox species.

Creeping Phlox
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5. Sedum Autumn Joy

This versatile perennial is perfect for your rock garden. They’re drought tolerant and adapt well to full sun and part shade, which means they’re suitable for any area of your yard or garden. It blooms bright yellow flowers in late summer through mid-fall fall and does best in well-draining soil. With its height and density, sedum autumn joy is a suitable substitute for shrub.

Sedum Autumn Joy
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6. Russian Sage

This fragrant flower is a good choice for rock gardens and other low-maintenance garden beds. It tolerates drought and heat well and forms blue, white, or purple flowers from mid to late summer. The fragrant leaves emit a strong scent as they warm in the sun, making them a great addition to outdoor spaces.

Russian Sage
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7. Red Creeping Thyme

Another beautiful choice for rock gardens, this low-growing plant is hardy, drought-tolerant, and spreads out to create a nice ground cover. The flowers are pink in the summer, with their leaves being evergreen. 

Red Creeping Thyme
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It tolerates heavy rainfall well but doesn’t do so hot in dry conditions. With its delicate greenery and fragrant pink blooms, red creeping thyme can be tucked among pavers and along walkways to add beauty and repel weeds.

8. Soapwort

This plant grows to about 8 inches and bears pink flowers. It is extremely drought tolerant and does well in the sun or shade but doesn’t work well in wet conditions. The flowers of soapwort resemble the look of phlox blossoms. They are usually small and produce a sweet fragrance. In terms of lower color, these alpine gardens bloom in shades of pink and white, and the green foliage can have some tinges of blue.

9. Thyme

Thyme can be a great decorative accent to any rock garden. It’s recommended to use thyme to cover more specific areas like an empty corner. But if you want to cover the entire ground, don’t worry because you can still find thyme varieties for the job. Thyme herbs have bright green foliage and light purple flowers. You can also use their aromatic properties to season your food.

10. Irish Moss

If you want to add a splash of lively green into your rock garden, then consider this lush groundcover. Irish moss thrives in full sun but can also tolerate intense heat. It requires regular watering, so plant it in a location that is easy to reach with water and remove it because the plant can also suffer from overwatering.

11. Prickly Pear Cactus

Prickly pear cacti are low-growing perennials, so place them in the rock garden to give it a unique look. It is an excellent plant for containers since it can’t survive cold temperatures and won’t require much maintenance. Prickly pear cactus also have pines on the leaves, so take care while planting them in your garden.

Prickly Pear Cactus
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12. Ice Plant

Ice plant, also known as glacier plant, is an evergreen perennial that will remind you of glaciers found in the mountain. It can be used to make low hedges or walls due to its compact structure. You should remember that an ice plant requires full sun, making it perfect for rock gardens. This compact plant is also heat and drought-tolerant but will die if it doesn’t have good drainage.

13. Purple Fountain Grass

If you want your garden to make a statement, plant this perennial plant as a focal piece in your rock garden. This ornamental grass grows best in full sun but can also tolerate little shade. You can use it as a standalone specimen plant or plant it as groupings for greater impact. With its low-maintenance and non-invasive, this perennial flower will continue to wow gardeners for many years to come.

14. Snow-in-Summer

If you want to have low-maintenance flowers and come back every year, plant the Snow-in-Summer perennial flower. It’s a small shrub with white blooms which can give off a mystical vibe to your garden. The plant will grow 1 to 3 feet tall so that it won’t take up too much ground space in your garden. 

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It gets its name from its pristine white flowers that bloom in early summer and blanket the ground like a snowfall. It’s a low-growing plant and can thrive in poor rocky and sandy soil as long as the drainage is good.

15. Hens and Chicks

This succulent plant comes in different varieties like the Hens and Chicks Rough, which has red and yellow flowers. It blooms from early summer until the first frost. The plant only grows 4 to 8 inches tall, so it’s perfect for small spaces, rock gardens, or even ground cover. 

Hens and Chicks
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This plant doesn’t need a lot of water to grow, making it ideal for rocky soil. This plant is also a flowering plant and is a great addition to the garden anytime because of the leaves’ red, pink, and purple highlights.

16. Candytuft

Candytuft blooms in mid-spring with showy flowers and is commonly used in rock gardens or as edging.  Its petals form a pretty pattern, and the flowers have an unpleasant aroma. Plant the seeds in early spring. It is best to group about three or four plants or use them as edging. 

It has bright yellow flowers that are very attractive to bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators. Like most golden glow families, this plant needs little watering because it’s adapted to dry soils. The flower blooms in early spring and summer.

17. Geranium Shepherds Warning

It blooms in late spring to late summer and is easy to grow from seed. It does well in either normal or clay soil but will tolerate drought. They look good when planted with other flowers, herbs, and vegetables. With its pretty pink flowers, it can be used in most border garden areas or containers. 

18. Dragon’s Blood Stonecrop

Dragon’s blood stonecrop is a small rock garden plant classified under creepers. It can tolerate some drought and shallow rocky soil. This plant can spread up to four inches and will bloom from late spring to early summer. If planted under the sun, it has purplish stems and leaves with red flowers. It’s a great rock garden plant that should be cultivated for its easy care and unique look.

19. Lavender

If you want to add a sweet fragrance to your rock garden, this is the best choice. Lavender is a small herb plant that grows from two to three feet. It has narrow leaves and flowers growing on the top of the stalk. Lavender loves sunshine and will bloom in summer.

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Lavender is suited for hot weather and poor soil, making it ideal for rocky landscapes. It grows well on its own and can also do well when grown with other shrubs and ornamental grasses. It requires a good amount of sun exposure and medium moisture, plus well-drained soil.

20. Ajuga Black Scallop

Ajuga Black Scallop with green leaves and fragrant blue flowers has an interesting texture. It is a low-growing plant that spreads to form clumps of foliage that are very effective for ground cover. The dark scalloped edges on the green leaves are eye-catching, especially when set against the light lavender-colored flowers.

 Ajuga Black Scallop is a hardy plant that requires bright sunlight and moist to dry soils. It will do best in USDA zones 4 to 9 but can be grown perennial even in colder regions by protecting the roots with mulch during winter months. This low-maintenance plant flowers from mid-spring until fall and do not require deadheading.

21. Lamb’s Ear

Lamb’s ear is an herbaceous plant grown more for its ornamental value than for culinary purposes. This plant is very easy to grow and thrives in full sun or part shade. Lamb’s ear has silvery gray leaves that are quite soft to the touch.

Lamb’s ear requires moist soil but can be easily grown in poor soils by adding compost before planting. Its tolerance for drought and poor soil also makes it a good rock garden plant. You also need to learn how to care for and control lamb’s ear for it to grow well.

22. Rugosa Rose

Rugose rose is native to East Asia and bears small, white flowers in the summer. This plant requires full sun but can tolerate light shade. Rugosa rose has grey-green leaves that turn reddish-orange during the fall months. 

The blooms are edible and resemble miniature cabbage roses. Good air circulation and avoiding wet soil are what this rocky plant needs to remain healthy. Annual pruning is also needed to keep this shrub in a pleasing shape.

23. Columbine

Columbine is an herbaceous perennial plant native to Western Europe, North America, and western mountainous regions of Asia. Columbines can grow in any rocky environment and thrive with full sun exposure to partial shade and medium moisture.

It produces beautiful blooms in blue, purple, white, or yellow coloration. It spreads easily from seed, so cutting and removing the seed heads following bloom will help keep it in the garden.

24. Euphorbia

Euphorbia leaf plants are a genus of flowering plants with about 2,000 species. Euphorbia plants prefer rocky and dry environments, thriving in full sun exposure to partial shade and drought resistance. 

If you live in warm climates, this type of plant can be used in landscapes, including desert rocks. Euphorbia, like cacti, can store water in its leaves or stems for days when there’s no rain or moisture; it will take care of itself even without you.

25. Alyssum 

Alyssum is a genus of low-growing, often branching subshrubs native to the rocky mountainous regions in the Northern Hemisphere. Alyssum flowers are mostly white or pink, with four or five petals that may resemble daisies.

However, this type of plant does not need sun exposure and can survive drought conditions. As a ground cover, it can serve to prevent soil erosion. This plant is also appreciated for its subtle-like honey fragrance.

FAQS on Best Plants for Rock Gardens

Can you plant roses in a rock garden?

Yes, roses can be planted in rocky gardens as long as you make some amendments before planting because of the poor nutrients and less water in rocky landscapes. For them to grow well, you must learn basic care such as how to prune roses

Final Thought on Best Plants for Rock Gardens

As you can see, many types of plants can be included in a rock garden. It depends on the look that you want to achieve and your personal preferences. For example, if you love blooming flowers, there is a wide array of plants for a rock garden that will bloom in different seasons. As much as possible, it is best to choose low-maintenance plants.

Finally, it is very helpful to find out what kind of soil or substrate your specific plants need. With that knowledge, you will be able to choose the best plants for rock gardens.


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How to Improve Your Home’s Quality With a Kitchen Remodel

home upgrade

Many people are now very interested in kitchen remodeling. The reasons for this interest are varied, but many include wanting to enjoy improved value, better living conditions, more space, etc. One such reason that is often cited is the possibility of being able to “reduce” your home energy usage and consequently reduce your energy bills. As it turns out, there is actually quite a bit of merit to this idea.

Bio Bidet’s latest Home Upgrade study revealed the results of its Divinity survey which found out that 6 out of 10 homeowners said they already own their homes, and 24 percent said they have intentions to remodel or even sell their home within the next twelve months. In addition, it was found that many homeowners were actually planning to upsize their appliances, but had not yet begun. One interesting distinction between these two groups was that of medium size kitchens. While most medium-sized kitchens have fixed appliances, many medium-sized kitchens also have the option of getting “top of the line” appliances like washing machines, cookers, refrigerators, etc. This difference means that some kitchen remodels plans are actually better than others.

If you’re a homeowner, and you’re considering remodeling your home, you probably have a few different ideas in mind. You may want to increase the amount of storage space available in your kitchen or bathroom, you may be thinking about new flooring, new floor coverings, new appliances, new countertops, new tiles, a new roof, etc. There’s almost no end to the ideas that can be put into motion when someone decides to remodel their living spaces. However, if you’re not a homeowner, you’re probably just looking at home upgrades as a way to improve the quality of your life. In other words, you don’t really want to do a lot of work on your home unless you’re going to enjoy it. Otherwise, remodeling can become a very stressful endeavor for the homeowner.

For this reason, it’s easy to see why so many homeowners are looking for a home upgrade in this day and age. With so many appliances available, there’s no reason not to enjoy more storage space, more countertop space, more efficient heat and air conditioning, or perhaps a brand new kitchen. The truth is that the kitchen is one of the most important rooms in the house. It’s also one of the most expensive rooms to remodel because of all of the appliances that need to go with it.

However, one of the easiest and cheapest ways to upgrade the kitchen without breaking the bank is by upgrading the cabinets. There are dozens of different kinds of cabinets that are available to replace older ones. By simply changing out the cabinets you can change the look completely and bring a whole new feel to the kitchen. Not only will this update make the kitchen look great, but it will also help to conserve money as well. Since most cabinets are up for replacement, they carry some very hefty prices tag that can really start to add up over time.

One of the best things about kitchen remodel projects is that it can be done without much disruption to the current setup. If you already have a kitchen design in mind, then you can start installing the upgrades right away. As long as your appliances are in good, working condition, then you can move forward with the kitchen renovation without having to spend a lot of time rearranging everything. Even the floors, counters, and cabinet doorways won’t have to be moved.

When it comes to outdoor space, an upgrade is often needed to increase the home’s outdoor value. Many homeowners want to get an outdoor kitchen to enjoy eating outside in the summer months and to entertain guests during the cooler seasons. However, without an upgrade, a lot of buyers would be forced to sell the home before it’s even sold. With a quality outdoor kitchen installed, potential buyers are now more inclined to take a chance on the home and purchase it because it makes more sense to spend money on a nice upgrade instead of putting it off.

Another key component to consider when it comes to kitchen remodel and renovation projects is the flooring. Many homeowners prefer to use hardwood or laminate flooring because it can look so classy. It can also withstand a lot of wear and tear, making it easy to maintain. Of course, there are now a lot of new laminate options to choose from, so it’s important to choose the one that looks nice and fits the overall design of the home. This will help make your newly remodeled kitchen look great and stay comfortable for years to come.

Standard Drywall Sizes and Thicknesses

When doing a drywall repair, it’s important to consider your drywall’s right size and thickness. Drywall comes in different sizes and thicknesses. Also, most manufacturers carry standard sizes, making it easier to get the right drywall.

However, many people consider buying thin drywall to save money on material costs, but that can lead to problems later when you’re trying to install cabinets or hang shelves. Thin cheap drywall won’t hold screws very well. Consider this: a stud is 1-1/2″ thick by itself, so if you want something thicker than that for strength in your wall, you’ll need even more material, which will significantly increase the cost of your project.

The best solution would be to use quality Drywall Sheets with enough thickness, so they don’t bend under pressure from nails or screws. This way, your home improvement project will be completed faster and easier while still being sturdy and durable enough for years of enjoyment.

The following is the listing of all drywall sizes, thicknesses, and weights for common types of drywall. Check it out, so you can determine the best solution for your next drywall repair project.

Drywall Sizes

Determining drywall sizes is an important thing that you need to consider before purchasing. You need to know what sizes are available so you can buy the right piece for your next home improvement project. Drywall comes in various sizes, and it is important to use the correct size when applying it to a surface.

When using drywall for your home improvement projects, you want to make sure that there isn’t an odd size of drywall leftover once the job is finished. If you have a small drywall repair project, there is nothing wrong with using the leftover pieces from a larger job to finish your home improvement projects. Here are different drywall sizes.

Four Feet by Eight Feet Drywall

This is the standard size of drywall. It measures four feet wide and eight feet long. It’s commonly used in many residential construction and remodeling projects because of its standard size. This standard size is suitable for DIY projects because you can easily carry and fit the drywall in your place. Consider using it when building your own house

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It also allows for either vertical or horizontal installation. Four by eight panels come attached, making it easy for one person to carry.

Four Feet by Twelve Drywall

These are larger sheets that you can find in big box hardware and home improvement stores. It measures 4×12 feet and is used for big home renovation projects like basement finishing, garage finishing, and second-story additions.

In addition, they can create a smooth vertical surface to meet higher ceilings, hence creating a smooth surface that is completely streamlined.

However, the four-by twelve drywall panels are only available in either plain or joint compound finish. Plus, it is very heavy and has to be carried by several people at once because of its size.

Two Feet by Two Feet Drywall

This is not stock-size drywall. However, you can find cut-down pieces of drywall at most home centers, especially smaller local hardware stores. These smaller sheets are useful for building small repairs inside the home, such as patching a hole in a wall or ceiling or fitting a new electrical box.

It’s important to use big sheet sizes when determining how much drywall you’ll need for your project. When wall panels come in width and lengths instead of multiple four feet, then they’re not drywall. They’re cement board or drywall alternatives. They’re hard to work with, need more than one person, and are very heavy.

Drywall Thicknesses

It’s crucial to consider the existing drywall thickness because the thicker the drywall, the stronger it is. And this is very important, especially in horizontal applications such as ceilings.

1/4 Inch Thick Drywall

This is the most economical drywall option. It’s the thinnest drywall, so it’s lightweight and easy to handle. You can install it yourself, but stronger tools are required because the weight of the drywall is too light. The best way to solve a drywall repair problem is by laminating a 1/4 drywall over damaged areas.

3/8 Inch Thick Drywall

This is the most popular type of drywall in homes today. It’s easy to install, lightweight, and strong enough to handle many different wall repairs. This is the best option if you’re looking for a solution that will last for many years. It’s used because of its standard thickness.

1/2 Inch Thick Drywall

This is the most durable option, so it’s the best choice if you plan to cover a wall with heavy furniture or you plan to install picture molding on your drywall. This drywall is also strong enough to handle larger repairs, and it’s more difficult for kids and pets to damage. They’re the standard thickness for interior walls and ceilings. It also comes in regular, moisture-resistant, and fire-resistant varieties.

5/8 Inch Thick Drywall

This is the most popular standard drywall thickness for ceilings from most manufacturers. So, it’s perfect if you plan to do concrete ceiling repairs. It’s also ideal for an entire home remodeling project because it is very difficult to damage, and it’s the lightest option available.

It’s made in a fire-resistant form thanks to its extra fiber that help to resist fire. It’s mostly used in commercial buildings and not residential homes. It’s also called firewall drywall, and its thickness also makes it ideal for soundproofing in noisy buildings.

To summarize, thicker drywall has better insulation properties, fire-resistant value, water-resistant values, and soundproofing benefits, and last but not least, they are better in aesthetic terms. Water-resistant is ideal for kitchens, utility rooms, basements, laundry rooms, and other rooms that can be affected by water damage. So, when determining existing drywall thickness, make sure you consider these properties.

Types of Drywall

Drywall also comes in different types, and each type has a different purpose. Here are the different types of drywall available:

Regular Drywall

This is the most common type of drywall that you’ll use in your interior walls and ceilings. It’s very easy to cut as compared to other types of drywall.

Glass Mat Drywall

This type of drywall has a thicker core and is ideal for high moisture areas. It can withstand continuous exposure to water, making it a good choice if you’re looking for drywall that can resist humidity or if your home is near lakes or rivers.

With the prevalence of mold issues, this type of drywall is a variation of moisture-resistant and was developed to get rid of mold growth. It’s not made of paper; instead, it’s made of fiberglass, and mold cannot grow on it because it’s waterproof. Therefore, it’s ideal for installation in bathrooms, basements, and kitchens where mold often occurs.

Cement Board

A cement board isn’t considered drywall because it’s not made of gypsum. Instead, it’s made by combining cement, sand, and two layers of fiberglass mat. It’s the hardest of all types of drywall, and that’s why it’s mostly used in ceramic tile and marble in high moisture areas.

Cement Board
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Moisture Resistant Drywall

It’s sometimes called a green board. It’s used in areas where there’s high humidity, like bathrooms. But since the green board is more expensive than standard drywall, it’s not used everywhere. The only downside is that it’s a bit pricey.

Fire Code Drywall

Firecode drywall is thicker than the half-inch material. This is because it has a heavier fibrous core, making it resistant to heat and providing fire protection. Cutting it requires special tools.

Fire Code Drywall
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FAQs on Standard Drywall Sizes and Thicknesses

How thick is modern drywall?

Most modern homes come with 1/2 thickness drywall sheets. This is suitable for wood and steel frames.

What is the best backer board for a shower?

The best backer board for a shower is a cement board because it is waterproof. It also works well on both floors and walls.

How thick is drywall installed on the exterior wall?

It’s best to use 5/8″ or thicker for exterior walls, as this works best with insulation and allows air to circulate the outside of the framing. However, it must be properly sheathed, so moisture doesn’t seep through from the outside.

Final Thought on Standard Drywall Sizes and Thicknesses

Now that you know different sizes, thicknesses, and types of drywall, you will get more informed on the drywall process. There are many jobs that require different types of drywall, so you should know the differences between them when people ask you.


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Did you miss our previous article…

How To Grow Sweet Potato Plants In Pots

Many people are now becoming aware of the benefits of growing vegetables in containers and pots. Growing sweet potatoes and other vegetables in pots is one way to save money on your grocery bill. But it can be difficult to know where to start. A guide for growing sweet potatoes in pots would be extremely useful, especially during winter when fresh vegetables are scarce. 

This article will teach you everything you need to know about growing sweet potatoes in pots, from choosing a pot and soil type to planting and maintenance tips. We’ll even show you how easy it is with our step-by-step tutorial. Read on if you want to learn all about this fun gardening project that’s perfect for beginners.

What You’ll Need

Sweet potato tubersPotting soil or compostWaterSlow-release fertilizerThin nailToothpicksShallow dish


Select the Right Spot

Pick a location that gets full sun and has good drainage. Sweet potatoes are ideal for growing in hot weather because they love heat and don’t like cold weather. They need more heat than regular potatoes to grow, so if you live in a colder area, you may want to consider growing something else instead. So, after the frost has gone, choose a spot for your pot of sweet potatoes. Sweet potatoes love warm days and nights, so make sure you place your pot where it can get plenty of sunlight throughout the day and night.

Create Drainage Holes

When potting soil or compost, create small drainage holes to ensure good drainage. You can do this by poking several holes in the bottom of your container with a thin nail before filling it with soil mix. Otherwise, you can fill the container with gravel or rocks to help drainage.

Prepare the Tubers

Look for firm sweet potatoes without any cuts or bruises. Wash the potatoes off and let them dry out for a day or two before you start planting. After that, cut the tubers into pieces slightly smaller than the opening on your pot using a sharp knife.

Locate the middle of each tuber and insert three or four toothpicks to form a square shape. Make sure you insert the toothpicks at a slight angle, so they stand up and don’t touch the tuber’s center. This will allow you to attach the vines later on. Once that is done, soak your sweet potatoes in water for 24 hours until you plant them.

Fill the Pot with Soil

The next step in growing sweet potatoes is to fill your pot with moist soil. Loosen the soil with a trowel so that it’s nice and loose. Potted sweet potatoes thrive well in well-drained, sandy soil added with compost. You can learn how to make a compost bin and use your own manure for planting sweet potatoes. Remember that the pot is your slip nursery because it acts as an intermediate step between your grocery store and your garden plot.

You can also use a fertilizer high in potash, then place about four inches of soil in your pot. After that, place potato slips on top and add more inches of soil to cover them. It’s important that you use a fertilizer with low nitrogen because too much nitrogen will only encourage leaves, not roots. The soil should remain moist but not drenched for a couple weeks before transplanting them in your backyard.

Position the Tubers in Water

Place each tuber to allow toothpicks to rest on the edge of the planter. The end of the tuber should face down. Fill your pot with enough water to cover the bottom half of the tuber. Then, place your pot in a sunny area and change the water every day to avoid getting too dirty.

Make sure the bottom of the tuber is submerged in water at all times. It will take a few weeks or even months to see green growth sprouting from the tuber. Once that happens, you’re ready to plant your sweet potatoes in the ground. The rooted sprouts from the tuber are called slips. These slips will be what you’ll use to create new sweet potatoes.

Separate the Slips

Once you’ve seen your sweet potato tuber sprouting, you’ll want to separate the slips from the mother plant. You can use a sharp knife or simply your hands to do this. Removing the smaller shoots from the main tuber will allow you to have more sweet potatoes later on.

Also, there might be a rudimentary root structure attached to the slip that you shouldn’t disturb. Lay each slip in a shallow dish with the bottom half of the tuber in the dish. Keep it in a warm, bright spot away from direct sunlight, but not so hot that it wilts.

Once the new roots are about one inch long, you can move the slips to the potting soil. Remove any wilted slip and the one without roots since they won’t be viable.

Plant the Slips in Containers

If you’re planning to grow your sweet potato vines as decorative plants, then look for a pot about 4 to 8 inches deep and with good drainage. It can be a terracotta pot, plastic planter, or even a decorative ceramic pot. Once the slip has grown roots one inch long, you can transfer it into a container with rich organic matter, so they have a nice growing medium.

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You can also transfer your sweet potatoes to a large container and mix them with other plants if you wish. But if you’re growing edible sweet potatoes, then you’ll need to transfer the slips to a larger container. You can still plant your edible sweet potatoes in containers if you don’t have large enough garden space for them, but they won’t produce fruits in just one growing season.

Fill your container with high-quality potting soil until the soil reaches one inch below the rim. Don’t firmly compress the soil because tubers need to breathe to grow larger. If your potting soil doesn’t contain fertilizer, mix one tablespoon of 5-10-10 fertilizer with an equal amount of potting soil. Once your soil is mixed, place the seeds on top of the soil and cover them with a thin layer of dry dirt or sand.

Spread the sweet potato slips across the container, but don’t plant them too close together. Leave enough space to ensure that each slip has enough room to grow into a full plant.

Water your containers every other day to keep the soil moist but not drenched. Once your seeds sprout, increase watering frequency daily so that your slips don’t dry out. Don’t forget to water the soil below where you planted your sweet potato slips because these underground vines are very susceptible to dry soil.

You will notice that some of your sweet potato slips have roots growing from the stems, while others don’t. Discard any plants that grow without roots since they won’t yield any potatoes. The only plant slips with roots coming out of them. Test the moisture levels by sticking your hand into the soil. If it’s dry an inch down, it’s time to water again.

Move Your Plants Outdoors

Sweet potatoes do well in warm weather, so make sure you keep them in an area with partial shade. The soil should be damp but not soggy, so you’ll have to check the moisture levels every day.  If you’re growing your sweet potato vines indoors on a balcony, make sure your pots don’t tip over too easily by placing them inside something like a big plastic container that won’t tip over when you water.

Move Your Plants Outdoors

Start Harvesting Your Sweet Potatoes

Harvest sweet potatoes when the vine dies; that’s when the harvest is ready. Cut up your vines into sections about an inch in diameter, and then let them dry for at least a few days. After they’ve had time to air-dry, make sure there’s no dew on them and cut them up into sections about 2-3 inches thick, so you’ve got something to hold on to while digging. 

Start Harvesting Your Sweet Potatoes
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Also, harvest sweet potatoes only after four months. In most cases, sweet potatoes should be harvested before the first fall for their edibility. Harvesting sweet potatoes is much easier than harvesting regular potatoes because sweet potato tubers are more closely to the stem.

FAQS on How to Grow Sweet Potatoes in Pots

How many sweet potatoes can you get from one plant?

You can get three to five slips from one sweet potato.

What is the best month for planting sweet potatoes?

It is best to plant in the fall, although you can plant any time after the vines have died.

What should I do if my sweet potato slips are yellowing?

If they’re looking a little sickly, give them a quick spray with water and perk up. If your slip still looks like it’s struggling, cut off the yellow leaves.

Final Thought on How to Grow Sweet Potatoes in Pot

There you have it! Growing sweet potato plants in pots is a fun and easy way to get your veggies to fix out on the patio all summer long. As you can see, you only need sweet potato tubers, some good soil, water, and a pot, then wait for the next growing season to grow your own sweet potatoes.


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How To Replace Toilet Fill Valve

If your toilet is losing water or making a loud noise when you flush it, this probably means that it’s time for a new fill valve.

Replacing a fill valve can be done in under an hour and will save you money on your monthly water bill. You’ll also avoid the hassle of having to call a plumber every time something goes wrong with your toilet. It’s easy to do, and we’re here to show you how. 

A fill valve opens and closes every time you flush your toilet, exposing it to wear and tear. Therefore, you need to replace it. Also, if you have an old fill valve model with a float ball, you have to consider that new model and replace the dependable fill valve with its integrated float cup. 

Here are step-by-step instructions on how to replace your fill valve so that you can get back up and running as quickly as possible without breaking the bank.

What You’ll Need

Sponge and bucketNew fill valveTape measureAdjustable wrench

Turn Off the Water Supply

First, turn off the water supply for the toilet fill valve at the wall tank by turning the shutoff valve clockwise with a wrench. Make sure you turn off the water from outside of your toilet before doing any repair. The valve should be below your tank, and it should be located where the water pipes enter the tank from the wall.

Make sure you turn off the shutoff valve until it stops moving. After that, move around your home and turn on all the fixtures to confirm if they’re off. This will also drain off the residual water pressure from your home’s plumbing system. This will help you avoid water damage due to floods.

Drain Your Toilet Tank

Once you’ve turned off the water, drain your tank before disconnecting the toilet fill valve. Begin by flushing your toilet by holding the flushing handle down to remove as much water as possible from your tank. After that,  use a bucket to remove the rest of the water in your tank. You can use an old towel or sponge to remove the excess water. Once you’ve drained all the water, unhook the old flapper. Then, buy a new flapper of the same type.

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The flapper is simply a rubber valve that fills with water when you flush the toilet, blocking the overflow tube for your tank. After you have the new flapper in hand, place it on top of the fill valve’s overflow pipe to see if it fits over without any issues.

Check the Fill Valve for a Leak

Flush your valve, then look for a valve leak. Lift your toilet float arm to let all the water out of your tank. Check under the rim for any water that has leaked from the tank after it is empty. Use a wrench to adjust the toilet float arm so that the tank stops filling when the water level is half-inch to one inch below the top of the overflow pipe. If your valve still leaks, then you need to replace it.

Remove the Old Fill Valve

Turn off your water supply, then flush the toilet and sponge the remaining water from your tank. Disconnect the water supply line, unscrew your fill valve lock nut and remove the old fill valve. Try to remove the lock nut with your bare hand before using the adjustable wrench; if you can’t, then use your wrench to hold the nut and turn it one-quarter turn at a time.

Remove the Old Fill Valve
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Disconnect the refill tube from your overflow tube, then lift off the fill valve. You can also take this moment to clean the inside of your tank, especially if the flush valve is leaking. You can also learn how to replace the flush valve of your toilet.

Prepare Your New Valve

Make sure you buy a new flapper of the same type as the one you removed from your local store. Slide the rubber washer included in your kit onto the bottom flange on the fill valve tailpiece. The washer is very important as it provides a watertight seal. You can also adjust the height of the fill valve if necessary.

Different fill valves have different methods of adjusting the height. But it’s simple as you only need to screw the stem piece shorter or longer to accommodate the height you want. In most cases, the top of your fill valve should be slightly taller than the height of your overflow pipe but not so tall to prevent the tank lid from closing.

Installing the New Fill Valve

Remove your new fill valve from the packaging and read the directions it comes with. Don’t forget to clip your new refill tube to the overflow tube. Take the threaded nut in your kit and screw it onto the bottom flange on the fill valve tailpiece, but do not tighten it yet. Take out measuring tape and measure the distance between the top cap of the valve and the top of the overflow tube.

Remove your fill valve and adjust the height. Hold the valve body using one hand and using the other hand to tighten the nut. If using a clawfoot model, tighten at least two inches beyond the overflow tube. If your fill valve is at its maximum height, but the overflow pipe is still higher than the critical level mark, you will need to install a new overflow tube.

If the shutoff valve is higher than necessary, use a wrench to carefully loosen the nut on top of the fill valve and raise or lower it so that it meets the height requirement. Tighten all nuts and fittings with your wrench. Turn the water back on through the wall stop.

When you’ve properly adjusted the height, pull your fill valve back in position and screw in the lock nut from underneath your toilet tank to hold your new fill valve firmly. Make sure you tighten the mounting nut, so it’s hand tight. 

After that, connect the water supply line back to the new valve and hand tighten it to secure it to the valve. Do not overtighten it, or you might risk cracking your fixture’s tank. Turn on the water again and check for leaks.

Connect the Fill Tube to the Fill Valve

The fill tube that’s attached to your new toilet is fairly long. You’ll need to connect it to the fill valve at the bottom of the tank. The end that fits into the valve should be cut squarely, so you get an easy fit. If this isn’t done, you get leaks or other problems, so make sure you check this before moving on to the next step. 

Attach one end of your new valve to the fill valve nipple and the other to the enclosed angle adapter. Clip your angle adapter onto the overflow pipe, then finish your installation by attaching your flapper chain to the overflow pipe.

Reconnect the Water Lines

Open the shut-off valve and let the water fill your toilet tank. Check if your new fill valve is filling your tank faster, quieter and the water level is below half-inch below the overflow tube. Confirm if no water is running from the tank to the toilet bowl. Flush the toilet a couple of times to double-check if your new valve is performing optimally. If everything is working correctly, but the toilet tank lid back and enjoy your toilet. You can also consider learning how to stop a toilet from running as these are plumbing skills you might need more often than you think.

FAQS on How to Replace Toilet Fill Valve

How do you know a bad fill valve?

You can identify a bad fill valve if you see the bottom of the washer deteriorating and causing a leak. If you see your fill valve not filling, then you may need to replace your valve.

Why do toilet valves fail?

Fill valves provide water to the toilet bowl, and when they break, the water stops flowing. Such is why you need to replace them with new ones.

re toilet valves universal?

Most toilet fill valves are interchangeable and can fit standard tank openings in any toilet. But it’s important to consider the sizes, especially the length of the valve stem.

Final Thought on How to Replace Toilet Fill Valve

As you can see, replacing your toilet fill valve is quite simple and easy. With a few tools and materials, you can replace your valve fill within a few minutes, and you’re done. And if your toilet is still running after replacing the fill valve, consider looking at the toilet flapper or another cause of a running toilet.


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How to Grow Red Salvia

Red salvia is a great addition to your garden because it can be used for borders, containers or even as an annual plant in the ground. It’s also called scarlet sage. Salvias are members of the mint family and are grown as a perennial plant but are often grown as an annual in temperature zones.

Even though the scarlet variety is best known, salvia splendens comes in other colors: white, purple, lavender, salmon, pink, burgundy, and orange. With its dark green and heart-shaped leaves, this plant emits a fragrance that mammals don’t like, making it deer and rabbit resistant. 

We’ve created this guide that will teach you all about red salvia growing tips and tricks. You’ll learn everything you need to know, including soil requirements, light needs and more.

Caring for Red Salvia

If you’re looking for a plant that can add fragrance to your garden, then red salvia is the best choice. To improve the look of this perennial salvia and encourage it to produce continuous blooms, it’s wise to deadhead faded blooms. You can do this by pinching flower spikes and removing the spent blooms.

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Salvia plants are easy to care for and are drought-tolerant; they can survive on natural rainfall. This reduces the need for you to water them during dry spells and will save you money too. Here are some of the caring tips to consider:


Make sure that you choose a bright, sunny position for your salvia plants. They require at least four hours of sun every day to thrive. They can also grow successfully in areas with partial shade. However, full sun will provide them with their preferred conditions.


Red salvia plants like moist soil, but consistent watering can cause root rot. Watering can be done every seven to ten days, depending on the rainfall amounts and hot daytime temperatures. Before watering, make sure the first inch or two of the soil is dry. If the soil is dry, you can water the plant until it flows to the plant roots.

Salvia plants are drought tolerant plants, but they do best with consistent watering. They will tolerate dry soil once in a while if their water needs are met. So, make sure you keep the soil moist to help it thrive.


Plant your scarlet sage in soil that drains well. Soil with a high organic content is preferred. If nutrient deficiencies become a problem, it’s likely due to soil issues. Be cautious about adding any fertilizers as they may burn the roots of the plant. Cultivate the soil approximately four inches down with a garden spade. After that, sprinkle the compost on the top then work down again with a garden spade. Learn how to make a compost bin to make this easier.

Make sure you plant your salvia in well-drained soil to discourage root rot. Mulching around the plant to a depth of 2 inches will help it retain water. So, apply a 2-inch thick layer of bark or wood chip mulch on top of the compost to help it soil moisture and control weeds.

Use a test home kit to test the soil pH in a site with good soil drainage and full sun in cool summer climates and partial sun. If the pH is high, add in organic compost because poor or high pH can lead to alkalinity which this plant hates. You can also plant your red salvia in containers filled with potting soil. Add the potting mix to cover the roots firmly.

Plant the Seedling

Water the red salvia seeds. Water thoroughly so that water comes out through the bottom of the container. For container-grown plants, place containers in trays filled with damp pebbles, so they don’t dry out between watering. Make sure you fill your container with standard potting soil.

As you pop your red salvia seedling out of its cell or pot, ensure you maintain the soil mix around the root ball. Place it on the hole so that the root ball can be on the same level with the soil surface. Mulch around your red salvia to retain soil moisture and control weeds, especially if you planted it in a garden bed.

dd Fertilizer

Add a granular fertilizer high in phosphorus when the red salvia has been in the ground for six weeks. Phosphorus promotes blooming and reduces flower bud drop. Look for fertilizers with 7-8 percent nitrogen.

You can also use the same balanced fertilizer you use to fertilize your other annual flowering plants. Red salvia will do fine with one springtime fertilization.

Temperature and Humidity

Red salvia requires a long growing season, and it’s best to start seeds indoors and transplant outdoors when the danger of frost is past. Once your red salvia has finished blooming, cut the dead flowers off close to the stem. If you shear back too far, you’ll get new growth that will flower later in summer or fall.

Do not subject them to prolonged temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit. If you’re bringing them indoors for the winter, keep them in a cool room and avoid drafts from air conditioners or fans. When it comes to humidity, red salvia doesn’t have any special humidity needs.

Salvia Varieties

You can buy many cultivars of salvia at the garden center and online. While they have the same requirements, they’ll vary in color, height, etc. For example, the scarlet variety has bright red flowers while “Victoria” has pink ones.

Salvia Varieties
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The list below are some popular medicinal varieties of salvia that are also beautiful to look at:


This is a salvia variety with white flower spikes and grey-green leaves. It’s also the tallest variety, growing to around 3 feet tall.

Salsa Scarlet Bicolor

This unique variety features bicolored red and white flower spikes that fade to pink as the flowers mature. It’s a short variety, typically growing about 2 feet tall.


This is a compact variety with red flower spikes that grows to 14 inches.

blazin Purple

This variety produces royal purple flower spikes and can grow to 26 inches tall.

Peruvian Sage

The flowers of this sage are dark purple and have grey-green leaves on top and white leaves underneath.

utumn Sage

This is a drought-tolerant sage with brilliant colors that blooms through the summer and into the fall.

zure Sage

This variety has aromatic foliage and sky blue flowers in the late fall.

Hybrid Sage

These perennial varieties are perfect for colder areas. They’re 24 inches tall and bloom in late spring to early summer.

Red Salvia Pests and Diseases

Monitor salvia plants for slugs, whiteflies, spider mites, thrips and aphids. Slugs are the only known salvia pest that’s difficult to control. Salvia Root Disease is caused by a fungus called fusarium. It can be prevented by good drainage and air circulation around the plant. Also, do not over-fertilize or use fertilizer pellets for the growth of salvia spp.

Red Salvia Pests and Diseases
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FAQs on How to Grow Scarlet Sage

Does red salvia self-seed?

Yes, salvia splendens grow as a self-seeding annual.

Do salvias come back every year?

Salvias are considered annuals because they’re expected to overwinter only in warm climates. They’re typically planted in the spring and compost in late fall.

Final Thought on How to Grow Red Salvia

There you go! Growing red salvia is easy if you have the right tools and information. With minimal care, these bright flowers can dress up your flower garden throughout the growing season.


The post How to Grow Red Salvia appeared first on Kitchen Infinity.

How to Grow Colorado Blue Spruce

The Colorado blue spruce is a beautiful tree from North American native selection. It’s very slow growing but has an excellent pyramidal shape. As a landscape plant, it reaches 15-20 feet maturity in ten years. They were first discovered in 1862, growing in the Rocky Mountains.

But nowadays, they’re widely planted landscape trees. If you live in the right climate and have good soil, this tree will thrive, but only if you plant it the right way.

This guide tells you everything about how to grow blue spruce trees, from seedlings to mature specimens suitable for your yard or garden. You’ll learn what type of soil they need and how much sunlight they require. You’ll also learn tips on pruning them and other maintenance tasks that are necessary for their survival. Let’s get started!

Propagating and Planting Blue Spruce

Grafting is the most successful propagation method as it allows you to get earlier crops than cuttings do, but the downside is that this method requires more knowledge and experience. You can use either whip or cleft grafts with scions taken from the upper part of mature trees or use root cuttings. Colorado blue spruce grows very slowly, so, you have to be patient for seedlings to fully grow.

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To plant colorado blue spruce, dig a deep hole of two to three times as wide as the root ball of the tree. Then, place the tree in the hole so that the root ball is even with the surrounding soil. If your soil is poor, add water to the soil to remove air pockets. 

Other special features that come with this plant include bird-friendly, dramatic foliage color, easy-care, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Road Salt, and year-round interest. And the companion plants include spirea, Butterfly Bush and Blanket Flower, Weigela, and Stonecrop.

Colorado Blue Spruce Tree Care

Other common names of Colorado blue spruce include green spruce, white spruce, and Colorado spruce. The main requirement for these trees is an adequate water supply during dry periods. Colorado blue spruce tree requires the following maintenance to keep it healthy and vigorous:


It is essential to plant blue spruce trees in moist soil locations with full sun and light shade. However, blue spruce Picea Punjeb is also drought-tolerant, but growing it in heavily polluted areas can affect the blue color coating of the needle.


It is not fussy about the soil type as long as it is well-drained. Colorado blue spruce trees require moist soil to grow healthy and well. Spruce prefers acidic, boggy soils which are sandy or loamy with low levels of organic material. 

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On soil pH, Colorado spruce requires a range of 6.0 to 7.5, even though they can tolerate extremely acidic and alkaline soils. Make sure you test the soil pH just to be sure.


Plant Colorado blue spruce trees in full sun and ensure they get at least six hours of unfiltered sun per day. The Colorado blue spruce thrives in full to partial sun. It also tolerates partial shade but does better in spots with plenty of sunshine.


Blue Spruce Picea punjens require an ample supply of water and also good drainage. Although blue spruce tolerates drought, it does best when watered consistently throughout the entire year. Water your blue spruce about once every two weeks if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week during the first growing season to keep the soil moist.

Once it’s established, water it only during dry spells and avoid water logging or creating muddy soil. The Colorado blue spruce can tolerate dry soil as long as the plant is watered regularly during its first growing season. At that point, it develops a deep root system and requires less frequent watering.


Blue spruce does not require frequent fertilization to thrive. If you want to fertilize your Colorado blue spruce, do so in early spring or late summer using a balanced 10-10-10 formula. This will give the tree an added nutrition boost. It will increase the length of the needles and improve the needle color. 

The fertilizers will also give full nutrients and help the plant to grow vigorously with a nice look and denser foliage. Better yet, you can consider using green manure for your plants. Learn how to make a composter to make this even better.


The Colorado blue spruce should be pruned to remove dead needles and any diseased branches in its first winter. After the tree has gone through one growing season, it should no longer require any pruning. But a good thumb requires you not to prune them because they do best when their branches are allowed to grow to the ground.

Pruning them will also promote denser foliage. So, apply two to three inches of garden mulch around the plant’s base in a wide circle to keep the soil from splashing during rainy weather.

Temperature and Humidity

The Colorado blue spruce will prefer cool conditions, but they’ll tolerate full sun more readily than other evergreens. Give your tree some protection from the hot afternoon sun. It would prefer cold winters and moderate summers, with an annual minimum of about -20 degrees Fahrenheit.

The Colorado blue spruce is also tolerant of cold weather, but it will not thrive in extremely hot and humid weather conditions.

Pests and Diseases

Aphids, scale insects, and spider mites are all pests that bother picea punjens. An infestation of whiteflies can cause leaves to have a dusty appearance and also cause root rot. If you see any symptoms of pest damage on your Colorado blue spruce, it’s important to take care of the problem immediately before it becomes an irreversible situation.

Use a magnifying glass to examine your tree. Look for any eggs that may be about to hatch, and remove them by hand if they’re spotted early enough in the process. If you find a fully grown pest, spray it with a strong stream of water from a hose or use an insecticidal soap that can be applied with a garden sprayer.

Failure to treat those fuzzy black spots can make your spruce needles turn purple to brown and eventually fall. However, fungus won’t kill your tree, but these blue spruce trees are also susceptible to white pine weevils.

Potting and Repotting Blue Spruce Tree

Since these trees are used for Christmas decorating, you can add them as potted landscaping plants when the holiday is over. The blue spruce tree can also be added to the Rocky Mountains or any area with good drainage and full sun exposure. Once the season is over, dig a hole and keep the dirt loose to provide enough air for the roots.

Potting and Repotting Blue Spruce Tree
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The Colorado Blue Spruce Landscape Uses

This plant makes an exceptional accent tree. You cannot also go wrong with this tree if you’re looking for a windbreak or privacy screen. And if you’re living in areas with a large wildlife population, these ornamental trees resist deer, thanks to their strong smell and prickly texture. This also makes it a perfect habitat for local rabbits and birds.

FAQs on How to Grow Colorado White Spruce

Can you grow Colorado blue spruce indoors?

No, blue spruce trees are too large to be grown indoors. They can be grown outdoors where they can get natural sunlight.

How can you make blue spruce grow faster?

Make sure your blue spruce tree is planted in a location with lots of sunlight for at least half a day. You can also fertilize the soil around the plant with triple phosphate and potassium to help it grow faster.

Final Thought on How to Grow Colorado Blue Spruce

As you can see, growing these Christmas trees is not that difficult. As long as your location has full sun and is well-drained, you can grow this plant and enjoy its Christmas beauty. Even if you do not use it as a Christmas tree, the blue spruce will still look good around your home. It can also help you separate tall multistory buildings.


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